Archive for the ‘USCWC’ Category

Understanding from 0G to 5G

Saturday, July 5th, 2014

0G-Mobile radio telephone (also known as “0G”). Mobile radiotelephone systems preceded modern cellular mobile telephony technology. Since they were the predecessors of the first generation of cellular telephones, these systems are sometimes retroactively referred to as pre cellular (or sometimes zero generation) systems.

1G refers to the first-generation of wireless telephone technology, mobile telecommunications. These are the analog telecommunications standards that were introduced in the 1980s and continued until being replaced by 2G digital telecommunications. The main difference between two succeeding mobile telephone systems, 1G and 2G is that the radio signals that 1G networks use are analog, while 2G networks are digital.

2G is short for second-generation wireless telephone technology. Second generation 2G cellular telecom networks were commercially launched on the GSM standard in Finland by Radiolinja (now part of Elisa Oyj) in 1991. 2G technologies enabled the various mobile phone networks to provide the services such as text messages, picture messages and MMS (multi media messages). All text messages sent over 2G are digitally encrypted, allowing for the transfer of data in such a way that only the intended receiver can receive and read it.

3G stands for third-generation and refers to technology that allows mobile phones to access the internet – from surfing web pages to making video calls and downloading music. 3G telecommunication networks support services that provide an information transfer rate of at least 200 kbit/s. 3G finds application in wireless voice telephony, mobile Internet access, fixed wireless Internet access, video calls and mobile TV. General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a packet oriented mobile data service on the 2G and 3G cellular communication system’s global system for mobile communications (GSM). GPRS provides data rates of 56-114 kbit/second. 2G cellular technology combined with GPRS is sometimes described as 2.5G, that is, a technology between the second (2G) and third (3G) generations of mobile telephony.

4G is the fourth generation of mobile phone mobile communication technology standards. It is a successor to the third generation (3G) standards. A 4G system provides mobile ultra-broadband Internet access. Conceivable applications include amended mobile web access, IP telephony, gaming services, high-definition mobile TV, video conferencing, 3D television, and cloud computing.

5G (5th generation mobile networks or 5th generation wireless systems) projects to denote the next major phase of mobile telecommunications standards beyond the current 4G/IMT-Advanced standards. 5G is also referred to as beyond 2020 mobile communications technologies. 5G does not describe any particular specification in any official document published by any telecommunication standardization body.

The Race to 4G

Saturday, July 5th, 2014

4G Mobile technology – The mobile race to innovate, includes the following innovations:

  1. The mobile communications comprise two steps: access to the mobile network, and access to the mobile services. Traditionally, these two steps are all controlled by one operator in a closed and proprietary way. In the 4G mobile era, the access to the mobile services will be evolved to an open Mobile Cloud so that it is fully open to any developers and providers. In this way, any non-wireless industries, such as Google, Microsoft, Oracle, SAP, GM, Bank of America can provide services for their mobile users. The access to the mobile network is still controlled by the traditional wireless operators such as AT&T, Verizon,  T-Mobile and China Mobile. Of course, the operators are very reluctant to go this trend, but for the mobile users and for the future global movement, it is just a matter of time to do it.
  2. The mobile device system architecture will be open in order to converge multiple RTTs (radio transmission technologies) in one same device. Same as laptop computer, the future Smartphone will be based on open wireless architecture (OWA) technology which means, when you change the wireless standards, you do not need to change phone. It is totally different from current multi-standards phone which is in closed system architecture, and users can not remove the unused RTT modules and basically can not do anything on the mobile phone system. In the OWA system, you can just change RTT card in your Smartphone to switch your wireless standards, or you can integrate multiple wireless standards in one RTT SIM card. Based on this OWA platform, you can integrate home phone, office phone and mobile phone into one common Personal device – it is more beyond just a phone. In fact, this 4G mobile device is a system to bring the world to your hand, or we call it iHand – the World in Hand, which is more better than calling it an iPhone.
  3. Any portable consumer electronics device can be a mobile phone by inserting the OWA-powered mobile RTT(s) card. This approach is truly converging the mobile wireless technology with the computer technology by providing the OWA virtualization layer between the high-layer computer-based OS (operating systems) & applications solutions and the underlying wireless transmission-based different mobile networks access means.
  4. More breakthrough technologies are being developed for efficient utilization of wireless spectrum, and the dynamic and open spectrum management. Wireless is totally different from wired communications, and therefore the overall performance relies on both system performance and transmission performance where spectrum is one of the key issues.
  5. Power efficiency is another critical issue for mobile device. The system architecture must be open to enable removable of unused modules, and the processing architecture must be optimized to the lowest possible in terms of the whole system performance. Meanwhile, the RF radio modules should be narrowed to the minimal meeting the basic requirements of necessary RTTs.

The world is moving rapidly towards this 4G open mobile movement. In China, the government has in fact,  targeted for 4G mobile industry. In European Union, evolution to 4G has been the mission-critical strategy since 2003. Japan and Korea started 4G regulations in 2002. The US mobile market is a pretty different case, because FCC as a law enforcement agency, basically has no power to enforce law. The operators pay huge to the congress, and congress manages the FCC. So eventually, the operator “makes” the law. However, nobody can stop future and it is just a matter of time when this 4G open mobile comes to life.

Everyone is welcome to join forces with us together and move this 4G open mobile technology forward for our future, for our next generation and for our societies. You can take leadership roles or show supports in any of our global 4G mobile events.

 

The 4G Mobile Initiative

Saturday, July 5th, 2014

About Global 4G Open Mobile Initiative

At his inauguration, U.S. President Obama stressed the need for bold and swift action in laying foundations for growth. Appreciating the role of technology in improving effective services and efficient delivery, he acknowledges the demands of a new age with infrastructure and digital line investments required. More recently, global leaders at WEF Davos have also highlighted the importance of innovation in forthcoming solutions. Regardless the difficulty of circumstances, or direness of situation, opportunity arises out of crisis. More than ever, relationship-building and technology innovation are crucial. The 4th generation (4G) mobile technology is becoming the emerging solution to drive the new growth of the industry, and help foster state-of-the-art technology, novel partnership arrangements or transformational business models. Our 4G events, the world’s leading platforms of the 4G industry, are steadfast in supporting the industry and confident in the ability to uncover and advance the opportunities.

Future wireless mobile communications will be shifted from today’s traditional transmission-specific radio technology to an interface-based technology in order to be more compatible with computer system architecture. The future mobile device will therefore be first and foremost a computer, then an open wireless architecture (OWA) low-power terminal. This OWA technology offers an optimal solution to open up the wireless platform for complete openness and simplicity and would support the service-oriented architecture and infrastructure that is necessary for future mobile phone development and advancement.

The first mobile phone was invented in the United States back in the 1960s by Bell Labs, but the US mobile communications market has remained very much closed and far behind the international movement towards the open market of the global industry. Now the world is evolving rapidly into a personal communications era with true openness and freedom in mobile services, but in our opinion, the US is still lagging about ten years behind other countries, such as China, with regards to having a more open and competitive market in wireless communications.

Though different regions have diversified approaches towards the next generation mobile communication technology (called 4th generation mobile, or 4G Mobile), the future trend is same: Convergence among fixed, mobile and wireless communications. No single wireless radio transmission technology (RTT) can do both broadband high-speed data-rate and seamless mobility, and therefore we need multiple RTTs to complement each other in any optimal way to ensure the information is delivered to the mobile user in a more cost-effective way and in a more spectrum-efficient way.

Since we launched this 4G Mobile initiative program in 2000, over 50,000 professionals and investors have witnessed the great successes and shared the invaluable insights throughout our flagship 4G mobile events including World Wireless Congress in USA, Global Mobile Congress in China and 4th Generation Mobile Forum (4GMF) across the global. About 40 IEEE special issues on 4G mobile technologies have been delivered based on this 4G mobile initiative program, and over 100 leading wireless/mobile industries have sponsored our 4G

US Center for Wireless Communications

Saturday, July 5th, 2014

Speed chart of 1g through 4gOur mission at PALO ALTO RESEARCH including U. S. Center for Wireless Communications (USCWC) and China Mobile R&D program is to foster world-class research and development in emerging wireless mobile communication technologies, and to reshape the wireless and mobile communication future by innovation, invention and optimization.

Wireless applications in strong support of vehicular and pedestrian users has emerged as a cornerstone of new generation communications. When coupled to the emerging broadband wireline infrastructure, wireless access and wireless mobile will extend the benefits of multimedia services from the home and business environments, ushering in an era of anyone, anywhere, anytime, any media communications. It is within this context that the PALO ALTO RESEARCH was founded.

Since its founding, the PALO ALTO RESEARCH and USCWC are committed to developing a global research platform needed for producing future-proven wireless technology, strategy as well as business plan . The Center places very high priority on international collaboration, project partnership, critical research, joint development and technology transfer in all fields of emerging wireless and mobile communications.

In future 4G mobile communications, two economically contradictive demands will arise; ubiquity and diversity. Open, global and ubiquitous communications make people free from spatial and temporal constraints. Versatile communication systems will also be required to realize customized services based on diverse individual needs. The flexibility of wireless mobile IT (wmIT) can satisfy these demands simultaneously. Therefore, wmIT can be seen to play a key fundamental role in the 21st century.

The user expectations are increasing with regard to a large variety of services and applications with different degree of quality of service, which is related to delay, data rate and bit error requirements. Therefore, seamless services and applications via different wireless access systems and technologies that maximize the use of available spectrum will be the driving forces for future wireless developments.

The B3G/4G vision from the user perspective can be implemented by integration of these different evolving and emerging wireless technologies in a common flexible and programmable platform to provide a multiplicity of possibilities for current and future services and applications to users in a single terminal. Systems of 4G mobile will mainly be characterized by a horizontal communication model, where different communication technologies as cellular, cordless, WLAN type systems, short range wireless connectivity and wired systems will be combined on a common platform to complement each other in an optimum way for different service requirements and radio environments which in our words called “Converged Broadband Wireless Platform, or Open Wireless Architecture (OWA)“.

OWA will eventually become the global industry standard to integrate various wireless air-interfaces into one wireless open terminal where the same end equipment can flexibly work in the wireless access domain as well as in the mobile cellular networks. As mobile terminal (rather than wireline phone) will become the most important communicator in future, this single equipment with single number and multiple air-interfaces (powered by OWA) will definitely dominate the wireless communication industries.

The OWA platform can not only improve the spectrum efficiency, increase wireless data-rate and optimize network resource, but also provide cost-effective solution to enhance the wireless communication services which is very essential for the next generation business model of mobile communications.

PALO ALTO RESEARCH is an internationally orientated organization providing advanced and highly technological wireless development and design projects and products across the entire segments of wireless communications, including Beyond 3G (B3G) and 4G mobile communications – worldwide.

The objective of PALO ALTO RESEARCH is to be the customers’ most preferred, loyal, reliable and economical external R&D supplier of RF, HW, SW, BB, Silicon IP and project management within the emerging wireless mobile technologies field, including in particular the next generation wireless mobile technologies focusing on open wireless architecture.

PALO ALTO RESEARCH is also targeted to be the world’s leading independent design and development house of advanced wireless venture technologies, providing total solutions for wireless terminals and related technology of B3G mobile communications, integrating the wireless access technology and mobile cellular technology into one open wireless platform architecture.

Stay tuned and involved in our great efforts to make this center a world’s authoritative technical warehouse and world-class research body in the next generation wireless and mobile communications towards the year 2020 and beyond. PALO ALTO RESEARCH is a subsidiary of Delson Group Worldwide, funded by Mission 2020 (R) R&D Plan.

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